Mangrove restoration

 

Previous to 2012 (creation of the foundation), 0.85 ha of mangroves were destroyed. The mangrove was illegally exploited to produce charcoal.

 

 

Mangrove state in 2011

To date, 9,800 propagules have been planted from different species such as Rhizophora sp. and Sonneratia sp. In 2019, the area of the mangrove is about 2.5 ha.

 

After restoration in 2018

 

What is the mangrove?

The “mangrove” refer either to the ecosystem or the characteristic tree populating this ecosystem.  Mangrove trees have developed unique adaptations to the harsh conditions of coastal environments. They survive high amounts of salinity either by excreting salt through their leaves, or simply by safely keeping it within their tissues. Their root systems are shallow and partly exposed to the air, which allows them to breathe in an environment that’s frequently flooded and low in oxygen. Mangrove swamps are unique ecological communities that link freshwater and oceanic ecosystems and host a rich diversity of animal species. In Pangatalan Island at least 12 species of mangrove trees were identified while about 39 species were reported for the whole Philippines.  Amongst these species: Rhizophora stylosa, Rhizophora mucronata, Rhizophora apiculata, which often ocupy areas in the swamp most deeply flooded by the tides, and Sonneratia alba which often dominate the seaward side of the mangrove forests where the soil is mixed with considerable sand or coral limestone.

Mangrove importance

Mangroves provide ecological services such as stabilize shorelines and improve water quality, thus they provide good conditions for the coral reef nearby. Moreover, mangroves help to maintain coastal fisheries since they are nursery habitats. In the context of climate change, mangroves also play a role in carbon sequestration, they are indeed recognized to be the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics. Regarding these ecosystem services mangroves play an essential role for the livelihood of coastal populations.